Time to be able to check on your babies several times a day
The first thing you will need for raising baby chicks is a brooder. Brooders come in many different shapes and sizes. It can be a plastic tote, an old dog kennel/airline carrier, plastic swimming pool or a cardboard box. It needs to provide a space that gives the baby chicks a heat controlled draft free environment. Allow at least 1 - 2 square feet for each baby chick. In this case bigger is not better.
To protect your baby chicks from predators make a top out chicken wire so that it covers your entire brooder.
For raising baby chicks start your brooding temperature at 95 degrees and reduce it by 5 degrees every week. The best way to control the temperature (in your brooder) is to suspend a heat lamp above the brooder at different heights. You can also vary the heat by changing the wattage of the bulbs. If you want to get more precise, drop a small thermometer on the litter below the light.
How to tell if your baby chicks are too hot or too cold:
Baby chicks that are crowed all together under the light and are chirping loudly are too cold.
Baby chicks that are too warm will move away from the heat, peck at one another and not eat very much.
Baby chicks that are just at the right temperature will move around freely and chirp with joy, sleeping next to each other as opposed to being on top of one another.
While raising baby chickens you will get faster growth by exposing them to light for 24 hours a day during their first 4 weeks of life. Provide as much natural light as possible.
New chicks can be raised on a wire bottom with a tray to catch droppings or with some type of litter shaving (preferably not cedar shavings - some chicks may be allergic to the strong cedar scent). Even though a wire bottom is easier to clean, I raise my chicks using pine shavings. Raising baby chicks on shavings gradually exposes them to
This allows them to build up an immunity. Litter also provides insulation for warmth. You can also use crushed corncob, peat moss, crushed cane or vermiculite.
During the first 2 days of raising baby chickens, lay paper towels on top of the litter. Do not use newspaper or anything else that is slick. This can cause injury to the chicks. Sprinkle a small amount of feed on top of the paper to get them use to eating.
After a couple of days remove the paper towels and fluff up the litter. Always make sure to remove any wet litter from your brooder. Mold can develop causing brooder pneumonia. Many diseases can be prevented by applying good hygiene.
When chicks first hatch they can go without water or food for the first 48 hours. However, to reduce stress it is recommended that you get them water as soon as possible.
As you place each of your baby chickens into the brooder, dip each chicks beak into the water and only let go when it swallows water. Adding a vitamin solution to the chicks water for the first week will help in getting them off to a good healthy start.
Set the water up so that it is level with the chick's back. Check on it several times because they will constantly be filling it with litter. Never use a bowl or any open source of water. Chicks can drown and or contaminate the water with droppings.
You will know when it is time for a bigger waterer by the amount of times you have to fill up the waterer. This usually happens with in 7 to 10 days.
When you purchase a new waterer make sure it has these features:
It should supply enough water without running out.
You are raising large amounts of chicks at one time.
You start one batch of chicks then another.
You practice poor sanitation.
If your chicks are born late winter or early spring you should be fine using a non-medicated feed (Coccidia needs warm weather to survive).
During the first few days place starter feed in a small lid. When the chicks start scratching and covering it with litter change to the small
Quality chick feeders have these characteristics:
Easy to clean
Lipped on the edge to prevent feed being wasted
As with the waterer use a solid base to place the feeder on. Make it level with the chicks backs.
In about 2 weeks it will be time to change to a trough type feeder or hanging feeder.
Things to be aware of while raising baby chicks
Do not be surprised if you experience a death or two of your baby chicks. Most chicks (if they are unhealthy) will die in the first 7 to 8 weeks. Many deaths occurring at one time means you could have an
outbreak of a disease.
It is recommended raising baby chicks at least 300 feet from your adult birds for the first 8 weeks. This gives your chicks time to build up an
immunity to various diseases.
Till your baby chickens, build up an immunity try to find a probiotic formula to put in their water or sprinkle on there feed. Another alternative is using live culture yogurt (too much will cause diarrhea). Try to keep your chicks as stress free as possible. Over stressing can reduce their immunity.
If you notice your chicks with soft dropping stuck to their rear-ends, you will need to gently pick this off. This is a condition called Pasting. Pasting can block a chicks vent sealing it shut causing death. It is usually caused from improper feeding or a chick that is either getting too hot or too cold.
There are other things to be aware of but if you are raising a
small backyard flock
and have invested the time and care for raising baby chicks, you should not experience nearly as many issues that the larger producers experience. So provide your chicks with lots of love and care and they should grow to give you lots of fun, food and entertainment.